Some e-cigarette users were dependent on nicotine-containing e-cigarettes but these products were less addictive than tobacco cigarettes Etter and Eissenberg said E-cigarettes may be as or less addictive than nicotine gums which themselves are not very addictive
Former smokers using e-cigarettes only had significantly lower levels of the toxic chemical NNAL (a by-product of exposure to TSNAs) than all other groups This was equivalent to a 97% reduction compared with the levels of cigarette-only users
Limitations to this study design include the possibility of recall bias as participants provide information about their smoking habits through a questionnaire There is also the possibility of residual confounding from other unmeasured factors so findings may not be entirely accurate
You need ammunition to fight back Most of those stories are based on a single poorly done study that proves nothing What if you had serious robust studies about every anti-vaping talking point that you could use to answer Aunt Ruth?
When Irfan Rahman talked to young vapers some complained of bleeding mouths and throats And these bloody sores seemed slow to heal Such reports concerned this toxicologist at the University of Rochester in New York So he decided to investigate what the vapors inhaled from electronic cigarettes might be doing to mouth cells
Those who have carefully considered all of the medical evidence ? Public Health England and the Royal College of Physicians ? have concluded that the potential of serious vaping danger is probably very low The RCP says vaping is unlikely to exceed five percent of the harm from smoking tobacco